Iovance Biotherapeutics Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2022 Financial Results and Corporate Updates

February 28, 2023 at 4:01 PM EST
First Biologics License Application (BLA) Submission on Track to Complete in 1Q23

SAN CARLOS, Calif., Feb. 28, 2023 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Iovance Biotherapeutics, Inc. (NASDAQ: IOVA), a late-stage biotechnology company developing novel T cell-based cancer immunotherapies (tumor infiltrating lymphocyte, TIL, and peripheral-blood lymphocyte, PBL), today reported fourth quarter and full year 2022 financial results and corporate updates.

Frederick Vogt, Ph.D., J.D., Interim President and Chief Executive Officer of Iovance, stated, “During 2022, we made considerable progress initiating our first BLA for lifileucel in advanced melanoma, preparing for launch, and advancing our immuno-oncology pipeline. As we prepare for commercialization and expand our pipeline, our planned acquisition of Proleukin® will provide an immediate source of revenue, streamline our supply chain and logistics, reduce our future cost of goods and lower expenses for IL-2 used with TIL therapies in commercial and clinical settings. Our top priorities in 2023 are to complete the BLA submission in the first quarter, receive FDA approval, then successfully launch lifileucel. We also continue to develop our pipeline in multiple solid tumor indications and look forward to presenting new data.”

Recent and Full Year 2022 Highlights and Corporate Updates

Acquisition of Proleukin®

  • Under a definitive agreement between Iovance and Clinigen Limited, Iovance will acquire worldwide rights to Proleukin® (aldesleukin), an interleukin-2 (IL-2) product with uses that include administration following TIL infusion to promote T-cell activity. Iovance expects the benefits of this transaction to include immediate and future revenue, securing the IL-2 supply chain and logistics surrounding TIL therapy administration, and lower cost of goods and clinical trial expenses for Proleukin® used with TIL therapies. The closing of this transaction is expected to occur by the end of the first quarter of 2023 or early in the second quarter of 2023, when all of the closing conditions and required regulatory approvals are achieved.

Iovance TIL Therapy (Lifileucel) in Advanced Melanoma

  • Regulatory highlights:
    • A rolling BLA submission for lifileucel in post-anti-PD-1 advanced (metastatic or unresectable) melanoma commenced in August 2022 and remains on track to complete in the first quarter of 2023.
    • Iovance received positive feedback from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on both its potency assay matrix and its proprietary cell co-culture assay included in the potency assay matrix in April 2022.
    • At a successful pre-BLA meeting in late July 2022, the FDA provided favorable feedback on the clinical efficacy data from Cohorts 2 and 4 of the C-144-01 clinical trial, including duration of follow up, and the potency assay matrix.
    • Startup activities have begun for the randomized Phase 3 TILVANCE-301 trial after Iovance reached agreement with the FDA in the fourth quarter of 2022 regarding the registrational trial design for accelerated and full approvals of lifileucel in combination with pembrolizumab in frontline advanced melanoma. TILVANCE-301, which is also a confirmatory trial to support full approval of lifileucel in post-anti-PD-1 advanced melanoma, is expected to be well underway at the time of potential accelerated approval for lifileucel in this initial indication.

  • C-144-01 trial presentations and publications in post-anti-PD-1 advanced melanoma:
    • Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) 37th Annual Meeting: Iovance presented positive clinical data from Cohorts 2 and 4 of the C-144-01 clinical trial in advanced melanoma during SITC in November 2022 and in a subsequent companion publication in the Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer (JITC).

  • IOV-COM-202 (Cohort 1A) trial results in frontline advanced melanoma:
    • In April 2022, Iovance announced updated positive Cohort 1A results for lifileucel in combination with pembrolizumab demonstrating a robust 67% ORR and durability of response in 12 patients. Safety was consistent with other studies of Iovance TIL therapies in combination with pembrolizumab.
    • A January 2023 corporate update highlighted that results from nearly 20 patients treated in Cohort 1A remained consistent with previously reported efficacy and safety data and continue to support the frontline melanoma opportunity for lifileucel. Study enrollment remains ongoing.

Manufacturing and Commercial Preparations

  • To date, more than 600 patients have been treated with Iovance TIL therapy manufactured using proprietary Iovance processes.

  • The Iovance Cell Therapy Center (iCTC) is currently manufacturing TIL therapies for clinical trials while executing activities to support BLA submission and review, including pre-approval inspection readiness, in preparation for initiating commercial supply.

  • The iCTC facility as currently built has annual capacity to supply TIL therapies for 2,000+ patients, with available shell space that can be built to supply TIL therapies for 5,000+ patients from this facility. Contract manufacturers provide additional flexibility and capacity for Iovance to meet potential commercial and clinical demand.

  • Iovance is executing several initiatives ahead of potential commercialization, including on-boarding and personnel training at authorized treatment centers (ATCs), education and awareness, and other commercial launch readiness activities.

Clinical Pipeline

  • Iovance TIL (LN-145) monotherapy in second or third line metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (mNSCLC):
    • Enrollment is ongoing at more than 40 active clinical sites in the U.S., Canada and Europe for the IOV-LUN-202 trial of LN-145 in patients with mNSCLC who have progressed on or after frontline chemo- and anti-PD1-therapy. A Trial in Progress (TIP) poster was presented at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting in April 2022.
    • Iovance is engaged in discussions with the FDA about the potential for IOV-LUN-202 to serve as a registrational trial for LN-145 in second/third line mNSCLC and intends to execute an updated regulatory strategy based on this dialogue and feedback.

  • Iovance TIL (LN-145) in combination with anti-PD-1 in earlier line mNSCLC:
    • Iovance reported positive initial results from Cohort 3A of the IOV-COM-202 clinical trial that explores the combination of TIL therapy (LN-145) and pembrolizumab as therapy for ICI naïve mNSCLC patients. A confirmed ORR by RECIST 1.1 of 47% (n=8/17) was observed, with responses observed across PD-L1 negative and positive patients.
    • Cohort 3A enrollment remains ongoing and presentation of detailed results is expected at a medical meeting in 2023.
    • A meeting with the FDA is planned in 2023 to discuss Cohort 3A results and a potential registrational trial of lifileucel in frontline advanced NSCLC.

  • Iovance PD-1 inactivated TIL therapy (IOV-4001) in previously treated advanced melanoma or mNSCLC: The first patient was treated with IOV-4001 in the third quarter of 2022 in the IOV-GM1-201 trial of Iovance’s first genetically modified TIL therapy, IOV-4001. This is among the first clinical trials of a genetically modified TIL cell therapy for solid tumors. Study enrollment remains ongoing.

  • Lifileucel in advanced cervical cancer: In 2022, Iovance updated the registrational strategy in advanced cervical cancer based on FDA feedback to reflect the emerging treatment landscape. Cohort 2 in the ongoing C-145-04 trial was expanded to be pivotal and began enrolling additional patients to support a BLA in cervical cancer following progression on or after chemotherapy and pembrolizumab.

Research Programs for Next-Generation TIL Therapies and Related Technologies

  • A preclinical poster at the AACR 2022 Annual Meeting in April highlighted the anti-tumor activity of IOV-4001 in a murine model of melanoma.

  • Additional programs using the gene editing TALEN® technology are expected to enter clinical development in 2024, including genetically modified TIL therapy with multiple inactivated checkpoint targets.

  • Additional research and preclinical studies are exploring approaches to increase TIL potency using CD39/69 double negative TILs and stable gene incorporation enhancements such as tethered cytokines.

  • A novel interleukin-2 (IL-2) analog (IOV-3001) is in IND-enabling studies supporting its use as part of the TIL treatment regimen following TIL infusion.


  • As of February 24, 2023, Iovance’s unaudited cash position is approximately $669.8 million, which includes net proceeds from an at-the market (ATM) equity financing facility of approximately $450.0 million raised during the fourth quarter of 2022 and first quarter of 2023. This cash position is expected to fund the previously disclosed acquisition of Proleukin® and Iovance’s operating plan into the second half of 2024.

  • Iovance currently owns more than 60 granted or allowed U.S. and international patents for TIL compositions and methods of treatment and manufacturing in a broad range of cancers, with Gen 2 patent rights expected to provide exclusivity into 2038. More information on Iovance’s patent portfolio can be found on the Intellectual Property page on

Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2022 Financial Results

Iovance had $478.3 million in cash, cash equivalents, investments and restricted cash at December 31, 2022, compared to $602.1 million at December 31, 2021. With the net proceeds from the ATM equity financing facility of approximately $450.0 million raised during the fourth quarter of 2022 and first quarter of 2023 to date, the cash position is expected to be sufficient to fund current and planned operations into the second half of 2024.

Jean-Marc Bellemin, Chief Financial Officer of Iovance, said, “Our cash position, including proceeds from our ATM facility, is expected to support our planned acquisition of Proleukin® as well as commercial launch preparations, internal manufacturing and clinical pipeline expansion into several milestones to create value for patients and shareholders.”

Net loss for the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2022, was $105.3 million, or $0.64 per share, compared to a net loss of $99.3 million, or $0.63 per share, for the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2021. Net loss for the full year period ended December 31, 2022, was $395.9 million, or $2.49 per share, compared to a net loss of $342.3 million, or $2.23 per share, for the same period ended December 31, 2021.

Research and development expenses were $80.6 million for the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2022, an increase of $5.0 million compared to $75.6 million for the same period ended December 31, 2021. Research and development expenses were $294.8 million for the full year period ended December 31, 2022, an increase of $35.8 million compared to $259.0 million for the same period ended December 31, 2021.

The increases in research and development expenses in the fourth quarter and year-to-date 2022 over the prior year periods were primarily attributable to growth of the internal research and development team, including stock-based compensation expense, as well as facility-related and internal research program costs, which were partially offset by lower clinical and manufacturing costs driven by completion of enrollment of pivotal clinical trials.

General and administrative expenses were $26.5 million for the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2022, an increase of $2.7 million compared to $23.8 million for the same period ended December 31, 2021. General and administrative expenses were $104.1 million for the full year period ended December 31, 2022, an increase of $20.4 million compared to $83.7 million for the same period ended December 31, 2021.

The increase in general and administrative expenses in the fourth quarter and year-to-date 2022 compared to the prior year periods were primarily attributable to growth of the internal general and administrative and commercial teams, including stock-based compensation expense, and facility-related costs associated with the build-out of the new corporate headquarters, as well as costs associated with pre-commercial activities.

For additional information, please see the Company’s Selected Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet and Statement of Operations below.

Webcast and Conference Call

To participate in the conference call, please register at The live and archived webcast can be accessed in the Investors section of the Company’s website, The archived webcast will also be available for one year.

About Iovance Biotherapeutics, Inc.

Iovance Biotherapeutics aims to be the global leader in innovating, developing and delivering tumor infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) therapies for patients with cancer. We are pioneering a transformational approach to cure cancer by harnessing the human immune system’s ability to recognize and destroy diverse cancer cells in each patient. Our lead late-stage TIL product candidate, lifileucel for metastatic melanoma, has the potential to become the first approved one-time cell therapy for a solid tumor cancer. The Iovance TIL platform has demonstrated promising clinical data across multiple solid tumors. We are committed to continuous innovation in cell therapy, including gene-edited cell therapy, that may extend and improve life for patients with cancer. For more information, please visit

Forward-Looking Statements

Certain matters discussed in this press release are “forward-looking statements” of Iovance Biotherapeutics, Inc. (hereinafter referred to as the “Company,” “we,” “us,” or “our”) within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (the “PSLRA”). All such written or oral statements made in this press release, other than statements of historical fact, are forward-looking statements and are intended to be covered by the safe harbor for forward-looking statements provided by the PSLRA. Without limiting the foregoing, we may, in some cases, use terms such as “predicts,” “believes,” “potential,” “continue,” “estimates,” “anticipates,” “expects,” “plans,” “intends,” “forecast,” “guidance,” “outlook,” “may,” “could,” “might,” “will,” “should” or other words that convey uncertainty of future events or outcomes and are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are based on assumptions and assessments made in light of management’s experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions, expected future developments and other factors believed to be appropriate. Forward-looking statements in this press release are made as of the date of this press release, and we undertake no duty to update or revise any such statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors, many of which are outside of our control, that may cause actual results, levels of activity, performance, achievements and developments to be materially different from those expressed in or implied by these forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause actual results, developments and business decisions to differ materially from forward-looking statements are described in the sections titled "Risk Factors" in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, and include, but are not limited to, the following substantial known and unknown risks and uncertainties inherent in our business: the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic; risks related to the timing of and our ability to successfully develop, submit, obtain and maintain U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) or other regulatory authority approval of, or other action with respect to, our product candidates, and our ability to successfully commercialize any product candidates for which we obtain FDA approval; whether clinical trial results from our pivotal studies and cohorts, and meetings with the FDA, may support registrational studies and subsequent approvals by the FDA; preliminary and interim clinical results, which may include efficacy and safety results, from ongoing clinical trials or cohorts may not be reflected in the final analyses of our ongoing clinical trials or subgroups within these trials or in other prior trials or cohorts; the risk that enrollment may need to be adjusted for our trials and cohorts within those trials based on FDA and other regulatory agency input; the changing landscape of care for cervical cancer patients may impact our clinical trials in this indication; the risk that we may be required to conduct additional clinical trials or modify ongoing or future clinical trials based on feedback from the FDA or other regulatory authorities; the risk that our interpretation of the results of our clinical trials or communications with the FDA may differ from the interpretation of such results or communications by the FDA (including from the recent pre-BLA meeting with the FDA); the risk that the rolling BLA submission for lifileucel in metastatic melanoma may take longer than expected; the acceptance by the market of our product candidates and their potential reimbursement by payors, if approved; our ability or inability to manufacture our therapies using third party manufacturers or our own facility may adversely affect our potential commercial launch; the results of clinical trials with collaborators using different manufacturing processes may not be reflected in our sponsored trials; the risk that the acquisition of Proleukin® may not be completed in a timely manner or at all; the failure to satisfy the closing conditions to the consummation of the Proleukin® acquisition, including the receipt of all required regulatory approvals; the risk that unanticipated expenses may decrease our estimated cash balances and forecasts and increase our estimated capital requirements; and other factors, including general economic conditions and regulatory developments, not within our control.

Selected Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands)
    December 31, 2022   December 31, 2021
Cash, cash equivalents, and investments   $ 471,845     $ 595,998  
Restricted cash   $ 6,430     $ 6,084  
Total assets   $ 663,982     $ 777,333  
Stockholders' equity   $ 499,638     $ 621,659  

Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except per share information)
    For the Three Months Ended   For the Year Ended
    December 31,   December 31,
  2022   2021
Costs and expenses*                        
Research and development   $ 80,573     $ 75,616     $ 294,781     $ 259,039  
General and administrative     26,463       23,849       104,097       83,664  
Total costs and expenses     107,036       99,465       398,878       342,703  
Loss from operations     (107,036 )     (99,465 )     (398,878 )     (342,703 )
Other income                        
Interest income, net     1,717       135       2,985       451  
Net Loss   $ (105,319 )   $ (99,330 )   $ (395,893 )   $ (342,252 )
Net Loss Per Share of Common Stock, Basic and Diluted   $ (0.64 )   $ (0.63 )   $ (2.49 )   $ (2.23 )
Weighted Average Shares of Common Stock Outstanding, Basic and Diluted     164,765       156,923       159,259       153,406  
*Includes stock-based compensation expense as follows:                        
Research and development   $ 11,379     $ 11,542     $ 50,242     $ 40,833  
General and administrative     8,130       7,562       33,780       28,932  
Total stock-based compensation expense   $ 19,509     $ 19,104     $ 84,022     $ 69,765  


Iovance Biotherapeutics, Inc.:
Sara Pellegrino, IRC
SVP, Investor Relations & Corporate Communications
650-260-7120 ext. 264

Jen Saunders
Director, Investor Relations & Public Relations


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Source: Iovance Biotherapeutics, Inc.